Assisted conception methods include inter-cervical insemination and in vitro fertilization. The process includes collecting sperm and eggs from a donor, then mixing them with the donor’s eggs to form embryos. These embryos can be frozen for future use.
The sperm or egg donation process can be a difficult process for a single woman. She may need a donor because her partner is infertile, or because she is unable to conceive. A fertility specialist can help. Having a child can be a difficult process for many single people, or for people who are infertile. The child will need both biological parents to be emotionally stable adults.
The sperm or egg donation program strives for donor diversity. The donor search begins with a match of the recipient’s race and ethnicity. The next step is to check the donor’s medical history. The sperm or egg donor may not know what inherited diseases were passed on to his grandparents or other family members. Similarly, the donor may not know if he has a tumor in his ovaries. He may also not know what caused the death of other family members.
The medical history of the donor’s extended family can be legally obtained only if all individuals involved consent. The donor may not know what caused the death of his grandparents, or the reason for their inherited diseases.
Some donors choose to remain anonymous, but most donors reject the recommendation. They argue that they should be encouraged to tell their children about their conception. Others argue from a genetic parent’s point of view.
An anonymous search typically begins with a review of available donor profiles on an accredited donor bank website. Then, the donor is examined physically, including a blood test and ultrasound. In addition, he is required to undergo medical and psychological testing. The donor may have to undergo infectious disease testing as well.
In the United States, sperm or egg donations are considered legal. Unlike other countries, there is no federal law to regulate the identity of donor offspring. However, Washington state enacted a donor-conceived offspring law a few years ago. The law allows donor-conceived offspring to access donor-conceived offspring when they turn 18. The law also allows donors to opt out of disclosing their identity to their offspring.
Donors are asked to provide a physical description of themselves, including their height and weight, as well as medical and genetic history. They may also be asked to discuss falsifying information about relatives. This is done to help the donor provide the best possible sperm or egg for the recipient.
The medical evaluation of the donor’s family includes a health history going back three generations. The physician will also explain the donation process. All potential donors are required to undergo medical evaluations.
The egg donor agency’s physical examination may include a blood test, ultrasound, and hormone levels. The donor may also be asked to undergo outpatient surgery.
The sperm or egg donor’s financial incentive is not concealed by the sperm or egg bank. The donor makes more money from each donation than the recipient does.